نوع مقاله : مروری

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران، مرکز تحقیقات بازسازی مفاصل

چکیده

چکیده
تعویض کامل مفصل هیپ یک روش جراحی پیشرفته به منظور کاهش رنج بیماران با درد لگن به دلیل تغییرات تخریبی مفصل است. تعویض کامل مفصل هیپ روشی با کمترین میزان عوارض پس از عمل نظیر ناپایداری لگن است. ناپایداری لگن به دنبال تعویض کامل مفصل هیپ دومین علت عمل مجدد مفصل به دنبال جراحی قبلی است. جابجایی محل پروتز، گیرافتادگی، کاهش کشش بافت نرم پیرامون مفصل و پوشش پلی‌اتیلن از علت‌های جراحی مجدد است. در این مقاله بر آنیم تا علت‌های معمول در ناپایداری لگن را که به دنبال تعویض کامل مفصل هیپ روی می‌دهد در فازهای متعدد بررسی کنیم. همچنین، روش‌های پیشنهادی جهت جلوگیری از ناپایداری لگن به دنبال تعویض کامل هیپ را توصیه می‌کنیم.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

How to Avoid Instability after Total Hip Arthroplasty, Narrative Review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mir Mansour Moazen Jamshidi
  • Alireza Moharrami
  • Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi

چکیده [English]

Abstract
Total hip Arthroplasty (THA) is an advanced surgical modality, which reduces hip pain resulting from destruction or degenerative change. THA may be associated with complications, such as instability. Instability is the second common reason for revision surgery. The etiology of instability can be factors like prosthetic malposition, impingement, and low soft tissue tension around the hip and also polyethylene wear. In this paper, we will review the common causes of instability following THA in various phases, and suggest the strategies to prevent instability following THA.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords Total Hip Arthroplasty
  • Joint instability
  • prostheses and implants
  • Bone malalignment
  • Hip joint
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